Year : 2016 | Volume : 4 | Issue : 2 | Page : 100 - 102  

Original Articles
Study of variations in Lingual and Facial arteries

Maria Kala1, Jaya Prakash N2, Immanuel Navin Kumar B3, Krupa Sailaja T4, Jayasree N5

1 Associate Professor, 3 & 4 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad

2 Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad

5 Professor (Rtd), Department of Anatomy, Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal

Corresponding Author:

Dr. Maria Kala




Background: More of specialized branches of science are developing as year passes by. One such branch of science is in-utero & neonatal surgeries. In view of correcting the minor defects & avoiding major congenital anomalies the study of Head & Neck arterial system in fetus was taken.

Objective: To find the variations in origin & course of lingual & facial arteries which supply blood to tongue, face & neck.

Methods: 100 dead fetuses of 20 weeks to full-term gestational age were collected from Government Hospital, Hanumakonda, and Chandakanthaiah Memorial Hospital, Warangal. 20 cc to 100 cc of 10% formalin was injected into abdomen, thorax, cranium through orbits for preservation. All the fetuses were immersed in a container filled with fixative solution. In the present study 200 lingual and facial arteries were observed considering both the sides.

Results: Among the II trimester group those 5 arising above greater cornu were the Linguo-facial trunk.

Among the III trimester group those 2 arising above greater cornu were the Linguo-facial trunk.

Conclusion: In present study the linguo-facial trunk was observed unilaterally in 5 of second trimester and in 2 of third trimester group of fetuses.

Key Words: Lingual artery, Facial artery, fetus


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