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Year : 2016 | Volume : 4 | Issue : 4 | Page : 194 - 197  


Original Articles
Efficacy of manual small incision cataract surgery in preventing the endothelial cell loss

Nanda Kumar Reddy PV 1, Sunisha 2, Atul Gupta 3

1 Professor and HOD, Department of Ophthalmology, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad

2 Senior Resident, 3 Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Hyderabad

Corresponding Author:

Dr. P.V. Nanda Kumar Reddy

Email: drnkreddyperur@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT:

Background: Every year 5 million cataract surgeries are performed in India. Two major procedures are used to conduct cataract operations either MSICS/Phecoemulisfication. In both the procedures the loss of endothelial cells are observed. The present study is based on comparison of endothelial cell loss in both the procedures.

Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare endothelial cell loss after manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) and phacoemulsification by specular microscopy.

Methods: Present study was conducted at Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Hyderabad from 2013-14. Total number of eyes studied was 100 in 100 study subjects who were age and sex matched and divided into two groups of 50 eyes of 50 study population. Group I patients underwent Phaecoemulsification & Group II with MSICS by the same operating surgeon from 2013-14. The patients were evaluated on first post operative day, first week, 6 weeks and 6 months for endothelial density. Endothelial density was evaluated through Specular Microscopy EM 3000, Tomey. Best image of 15 shots was taken to evaluate endothelial density.

Results: Mean age in both the groups was 58 and 59 years. Equal number was taken sex wise in both the groups. The mean endothelial loss was 200 cells/mm2 & 250 cells/mm2 in Group I & II respectively.

Conclusions: In phacoemulsification group, the maneuvering was performed in the capsular bag and newer advanced phacoemulsification units with better fluidics reduced the chances of endothelial damage. In MSICS group, Visco-expression of the nucleus significantly reduced the endothelial cell loss.

Key Words: Pachymetry, Phaecoemulsification, Specular Microscopy





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