Back
Year : 2017 | Volume : 5 | Issue : 3 | Page : 96 - 99  


Original Articles
Prevalence of transfusion transmitted infections among the blood donors: a study in a tertiary care unit in Telangana

Col [Dr] RamananDuraiswami1, Sujatha P2

1 & 2 Professor of Pathology, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad

Corresponding Author:

Dr RamananDuraiswami

Email: daru_r@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: The provision of safe blood for transfusion to needy donors is a significant responsibility for any blood bank in a hospital setting. An awareness of the prevalence of Transfusion Transmitted Infections [TTI] is mandatory for Blood Bank Officers.

Objective: This study was undertaken to study the prevalence of these transfusion transmitted infections in our geographical area among the voluntary and replacement blood donors.

Methods: The data pertaining to the incidence of transfusion transmittable diseases detected during routine screening of blood taken from voluntary and replacement donors in a large tertiary multi – specialty hospital located in Hyderabad, Telangana State, over a period of three years, from January 2013 to December 2015, were collected and analyzed to assess the incidence of Transfusion Transmittable Infections [TTI] amongst the dependent population.

Results: The male gender was predominant (98.4%) among the blood donors, whether voluntary or replacement. 2.26% of the total samples had transfusion transmittable diseases. HBsAg was the most common with 1.2 % samples being positive while no malarial parasites were detected in any donor blood samples in the past three years. HIV was 0.28 % and HCV 0.79 %.

Conclusion: Transfusion Transmittable Infections pose a threat to patients admitted in any health care facility and if not carefully screened for will cause significant morbidity. Careful screening of all donor blood units in the blood bank of a hospital is absolutely necessary to prevent any untoward incidence of TTI in patients admitted to a health care facility.

Keywords: Transfusion transmitted infections, voluntary blood donors, replacement blood donors, prevalence.





img

Important links

adv apply rec

Open Access Journal

MRIMS Journal of Health Sciences is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher of the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

Visitor Count


206603
© 2017 Chandramma Education society . All Rights Reserved.