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Year : 2017 | Volume : 5 | Issue : 3 | Page : 103 - 105  


Original Articles
Prevalence of Psychological Stress in Allergic Rhinitis Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital - A Cross Sectional Study

Venkateswarlu V1, Rachna Reddy B2, Harihar Ch3, Veena Kumari L4

1Professor of ENT, Sri Padmavathi Medical College for Women, SVIMS, Tirupati

2Senior Resident in ENT, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad

3Professor of Psychiatry, Katuri Medical College, Guntur

4Professor of Pathology, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad

Corresponding Author:

Dr. V. Venkateswarlu

Email: vallamreddy.venkateswarlu@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:

Background: Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is a common disorder in patients attending Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) department. It has considerable impact on the life of affected individual. Many studies have linked certain psychological disorders to AR.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of psychological stress in AR patients and assess its relation to duration and severity of the disease.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of AR patients attending ENT OPD during 6 months period. AR patients were diagnosed and classified as per ARIA guidelines. Then they were subjected to standard psychiatric interview and their psychological stress was measured using Perceived Stress Scale (PSS).

Results: Of 1804 new patients attending ENT OPD, 58 were diagnosed as suffering from AR. Among them, 29 (50%) were found to have significant stress; 12(20.69%) have Anxiety Disorder and 3(5.17%) were found to have Depressive Disorder. Among AR patients, those with persistent moderate-severe type were found to have high prevalence rate which is statistically significant. There is no relation between intensity of symptoms and duration of illness to significant psychological stress in AR patients.

Conclusion: Patients with AR have significant psychological stress which should not be overlooked during treatment. It may be related to inherent pathological factors like IgE level, psychological and social factors rather than intensity and duration of illness.

Key Words: Allergic rhinitis; Psychological stress; Cross-sectional study.





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