Year : 2018 | Volume : 6 | Issue : 1 | Page : 25 - 30  

Original Articles
A prospective study of cervical spinal injuries

Geeta Sahu1, Manoj Kumar Jena2, Karma Mingyur Bhutia3, Jyitish Chandra Choudhury4

1 & 2 Professor, 3 Post graduate student, 4 Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, SCB Medical College Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India

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Cervical spinal injuries are potentially the most devastating injuries. This study conducted in Central Morgue, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, S.C.B. Medical College & Hospital, Cuttack, India will help in better understanding of the mechanism of cervical spinal injury, pattern and distribution of injury along with its fatal outcome. In our study, 64% of cervical injury cases were caused by road traffic accident (RTA) cases. 77% of the population had direct impact on the cervical region at the time of incident while only 23% suffered from cervical injury due to indirect impact or transmitted force. 2% cases were exclusive of spinal cord injury while 20% of the cases had only spinal column (vertebra) involvement and the remaining 78% had both cord and column injury. The most commonly involved cervical column was C5 -C6 (24%) with 30% involvement of C5 vertebrae among 110 cases.

Key words: forensic science, forensic pathology, cervical injury, spinal cord, fatal, polytrauma


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