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Year : 2014 | Volume : 2 | Issue : 1 | Page : 8 - 10  


Original Articles
Sero Epidemiology of Hepatitis C in Blood Donors- 5 Yrs Study From Gandhi Hospital Blood Bank

Jijiya Bai1, Geeta V2, Bheeshma B3, Sreenivas G4, Shravan Kumar O5

1Professor of Pathology and Principal, 2Assistant Professor of Pathology, 3Associate Professor of Pathology, 4Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Nizamabad. 5Professor and Head of Pathology, Gandhi Medical College, Hyderabad

Abstract:

Background: Transmissible infections such as HIV, Hepatitis and Syphilis are greatest threat to blood safety for the transfusion recipients. Infection with Hepatitis C virus [HCV] causes Hepatitis, Cirrhosis and Hepatocellular carcinoma.

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of anti HCV antibody among blood donors.

Methods: The study was conducted in Gandhi hospital Blood Bank for a period of five years from 2008-2012. A total of 43,390 healthy blood donors of both sexes were studied.

Results: 1172 were sero positive and all of them are males. 90 of these donors found to be reactive for anti HCV antibodies yielding an overall prevalence of 0.207%. The age distribution ranges from 20-40 years with 80% [72/90] constituting replacement donors [family members, friends of recipients] and 20% [18/90] are voluntary donors. 60% [63/90] belong to urban population and 40% [27/90] are rural.

Conclusion: The results of the present study shows that prevalence of HCV is high when compared with the Developed countries like US and England [0.001% and 0.0017%] but low when compared with Egypt[14%] and other cities of India Eg; Delhi[1.57%]. This represents a large reservoir of Hepatitis C infection capable of inflicting significant disease burden on the society.

Key Words: Blood donors, HCV.

Corresponding Author: Professor Dr.P.Jijiya Bai, Principal, Government medical college, Nizamabad, AP, email: dr_jijiyabai@yahoo.com





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