Year : 2019 | Volume : 7 | Issue : 3 | Page : 70 - 72  

Original Articles
Knowledge of Primary Health Care in India: Pre and post test analysis of sixth semester students of Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College, Nanded

Dr. Venkatramana K Sonkar

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences , Suraram X Road, Quthbullapur(M), Medchal (D), Telangana State – 500055




Background: As one of the essential part of curriculum of Community Medicine subject understanding of primary healthcare by medical student will be seen as key for effective teaching of the subject. Lectures are the most economical of teaching-learning methods.  It is essential to evaluate whether the learning objectives have been accomplished. In the present study pre and post lecture MCQs (Multiple choice questions) are introduced for sixth semester medical students in Community Medicine lectures and to assess the effect on gaining and retention of knowledge acquired at the end of the lecture.

Objective: To assess the knowledge of primary health care in India and to know the impact of outcome of Class room teaching by pre test and post test questionnaire.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted at Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College, Nanded. A total of 23 students from sixth semester medical students were enrolled in this study. Ten single best responses multiple choice questions from primary health care topic were used to assess knowledge gained by students before and after class room teaching on primary health care lecture series by pre test and post test analysis method.

Results: A total of the 20 students out of 23 sixth semester students completed both pre and post test questionnaire. The average pre test score was 4.2±0.894 and post test score was 9.5±0.945. Fischers exact test was applied to analyze the improvement in scores between pretest and posttest which was significant at 𝑃 < 0.05. The paired 𝑡-test was applied to know improvement in mean scores between pretest and post test which was significant at 𝑃 < 0.001.

Conclusion: There is significant increase in knowledge of student after class room teaching. Class room teaching is effective for way assessing gain in knowledge.

Key words:  Pre test, Post test, Medical education, lecture


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