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Year : 2019 | Volume : 7 | Issue : 4 | Page : 96 - 101  


Original Articles
Perceptions and preventive practices related to mosquito-borne diseases among school students in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu

Geetha Mani1*, Guru Vijaya Raghavan Sekar2

1 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Tamil Nadu

2 MBBS-Undergraduate student, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu

*Corresponding Author:                                                                                                                 

Email: drgeethammc@gmail.com                                                                                                  

Abstract:

Background: Mosquitoes and other vectors are responsible for 17% of all infectious diseases globally. Considering the increasing burden and socioeconomic impact of mosquito-borne diseases, the most effective control measure is to empower people with essential information and encourage them to adopt preventive and protective measures.

Objective: This study was done among school children to identify their perceptions on mosquito-borne diseases in terms of knowledge and attitude and related preventive practices, as part of an awareness programme.

Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted among students of classes 9 to 12, in a selected school of Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu in January 2017, using a pre-tested, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire.

Results: A total of 400 students participated in the study; 64.5% were males. Malaria (96.8%), Dengue (84.8%) and Chikungunya (71%) were the commonest diseases known. While 62.7% identified symptoms of common mosquito-borne diseases, only 2.5% were aware of vectors involved. 82% of students opined that malaria control is combined responsibility of Government, community and individual. Mosquito nets (63%) were the commonest protective measure used. More than 90% kept water containers and storage tanks covered and clean. More than 75% reported practicing one or more environmental measures to prevent mosquito breeding. The mean knowledge score was 4.28 (SD+1.28). Higher mean scores were observed among males and higher classes of study (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The results of this study could be reflective of perceptions and practices of the families and communities. School-based awareness programmes and integration of disease control measures in curriculum with field-based activities could motivate children to adopt preventive and protective measures and promote the same in their communities.

Key words: Mosquito-borne diseases, Mosquito control, Mosquito control measures, School students





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