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Year : 2014 | Volume : 2 | Issue : 1 | Page : 31 - 33  


Short Communications
Attitude and practice regarding Hepatitis B vaccination among medical students in a teaching medical institution in Puducherry

Suganthi S1, Kanagarajan P2, Vaithiyanathan P3, Lokeshmaran A4

1Assistant professor, Tagore Medical college and Hospital, Chennai, 2Assistant professor, 3Assistant professor, 4Statistician, Dept of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Puducherry

Abstract

The incidence of liver diseases associated with hepatitis B virus remains a global public health problem. Medical personnel are the first contact between such patients and health care and medical students are indeed at risk of the same. Present cross-sectional study was undertaken among second year medical undergraduates of MGMC and RI, Puducherry during August 2012, to assess the attitude and practices of medical students towards hepatitis B vaccination (HBV) and find out the vaccination coverage among them. After brief introduction about rationale of the study a pre-tested, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires was distributed. Information regarding background characteristics of participants, Hep-B vaccination coverage and reasons for poor acceptance/compliance were collected. The questionnaires were distributed on a single day in order to avoid sharing of information. Data was analyzed using statistical software using SPSSversion 16.0. Out of total 150 questionnaires circulated, 120 (response rate 80%) were returned (Male 53.3%, Female 46.7%). Among them 21 (17.5%) students had already received three doses of Hep-B vaccination. 22 (18.3%) students didn’t receive any dose. Reasons for poor coverage and/or non-compliance of Hep-B vaccination among medical students include forgot to complete the course (43.4%), not a mandatory process in the institution (26.3%), not compulsory for every individual (18.2%), fear of injections (4%) and expensive (5.1%). Coverage of Hep-B vaccination was poor among medical undergraduates in the present study. Concerted efforts should be made to motivate medical students and their family members towards Hep-B vaccination with support from medical college and medical council of India. The admission day can be utilized as an avenue for this initiative.

Key Words: Attitude, Practices, Hepatitis B vaccination.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Suganthi S, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Tagore Medical College & Hospital, Chennai Email: kandaswamy22@gmail.com





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