• Users Online: 561
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 57-60

Clinical spectrum of organophosphorus poisoning in a rural medical college

1 Department of Medicine, Chirayu Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, GEMS, Medical College, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shirish Ardhapurkar
Department of Medicine, GEMS, Medical College, Ragolu, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjhs.mjhs_22_20

Rights and Permissions

Background: Significant morbidity and mortality is caused by acute pesticide poisoning. Reliable data are not available regarding the morbidity and mortality from India. Objective: The objective of this study is to study the clinical spectrum of organophosphorus poisoning. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was carried out among 120 patients admitted with organophosphorus poisoning at a rural medical college. Patients with acute poisoning were included. Detailed history, clinical examination, and required investigations were done and noted in the study questionnaire. Results: Males (56.7%) were more than females (40.8%). Majority of the study participants belonged to the age group of 30–39 years (43.3%) followed by 20–29 years of age, i.e., 29.2%. The most common clinical feature was miosis 88.2% in males and 86.5% in females followed by nausea and vomiting (76.5%) in males and pain abdomen (63.5%) in females. The most common poison consumed by both males and the females was malathion, i.e., it was consumed by 42.6% of males and 36.5% of females. The next most common poison consumed was diazinon by 32.4% of males and 30.8% of females. In males, it has been observed that the incidence of organophosphate (OP) poisoning decreased from 42.6% in the rainy season to 27.9% in the summer season. However, in females, it was the same, i.e., 38.5% for both rainy season and the winter season, but like in males, it decreased in the summer season. Conclusion: Males are more affected than females, miosis was most common and malathion was most commonly consumed agent. The incidence of OP poisoning was more in the rainy season.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded141    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal