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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 88-92

Dengue and malaria: A spatial–temporal study across the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation limits


1 The Chief Entomologist, GHMC, Hyderabad, India
2 Former Asst. Entomologist, GHMC, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rambabu Ayyadevara
10 3 146, Flat No. G2, Sai Amrutha Nilayam Apts, Maliagudem, Khammam, Telangana State - 507 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mjhs.mjhs_3_20

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Background: Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) have been a worrying factor among the tropical and subtropical parts of the world which include diseases such as dengue, malaria, chikungunya, and Japanese encephalitis wherein mosquitoes acts as vectors, transmitting the disease-causing pathogen. Dengue which spreads through mosquitoes belonging to the Genus Aedes has been on the rise for the past few years in the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) limits. While the symptoms range from mild-to-escalated complications such as hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, there is no antiviral therapy currently in use. Symptomatic and supportive treatment is the key for the treatment of dengue patients. Objective: This research article attempts to track the malaria and dengue incidence over the years, To track the malaria and dengue incidence over the years, more specifically the last 5 years across the GHMC limits. Materials and Methods: Data on the dengue and malaria cases over the years are usually gathered and preserved by the Health and Entomology Departments of GHMC Head Office. Data of its incidence for the past 10 years, especially taking note of the previous 5 years, from 2014 to June 2020, were collected from these sources and analyzed, using basic statistical techniques. Results: Within the GHMC limits, there has been a significant drop in the number of malaria cases, but dengue cases rose to an alarming level (3366 cases in 2019). Based on the disease incidence, dengue hotspot areas have been marked so as to effectively take up vector control interventions by using both workforce as well as latest technology (internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI)). Conclusion: Consistent efforts in a structured way should be made to control the mosquito population, coupling it with community compliance and awareness among the masses on keeping the environment clean and hygienic.


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