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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-71

The knowledge and practices toward neonatal care among primipara mothers in Dehradun, Uttarakhand: A correlation study

1 Nursing Tutor, Uttaranchal PG College of Biomedical Sciences and Hospital, Dehradun, Uttrakhand, India
2 Assistant Professor, State College of Nursing, Dehradun, Uttrakhand, India
3 Nursing Superintendent, Indian Railway Health Services, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Shatrughan Pareek
Nursing Superintendent, NWR Divisional Hospital, Indian Railway Health Services, Bikaner, Rajasthan - 334005
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjhs.mjhs_1_21

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Background and Objective: Proper care of the newborn babies form the foundation of the subsequent life not only in terms of longevity or survival but also in terms of qualitative outcome without any physical and mental disabilities. A study was done to evaluate the knowledge and practice regarding neonatal care among primipara mothers in Dehradun, Uttarakhand. Methodology: A nonexperimental descriptive research approach was applied for the study. The patients were 155 primipara mothers, selected by nonprobability purposive sampling technique. Sociodemographic proforma, self-structured questionnaire, and practice checklist were used to collect data regarding neonatal care among primipara mothers. Results: The study communicated that out of 155 samples that mostly (76.1%) had average knowledge level. Moreover, practices of the mothers illustrated that the majority of participants (87.09%) hadpoor practice, whereas only 12.90% hadgood practice. Furthermore, a significant moderate positive correlation (P = 0.0001) was highlighted between knowledge scores and practices scores regarding neonatal care among primipara mothers. In addition, Chi-square value showed that no association found between knowledge score when scored a significant association was reported between knowledge score of primipara mothers with their age and education. Furthermore, practice scores of primipara mothers were significantly associated with the religion. Conclusion: Findings emphasis the need of educational/teaching programs and awareness campaigns, which in turn may enhance the overall knowledge and practice regarding neonatal care. These initiatives may be significant in declining neonatal morbidity and mortality.

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